Show Your Work

“What’s the rule everyone learned in third grade math?”

Mentor and counselor, Doug, asked me that question a few years ago as we sat in his office.  We were discussing what it means to be a curious individual.  By “curious” is meant not simply someone who surfs the internet, looks stuff up on Google, binges on Netflix or scrolls endlessly on Facebook to see what their friends are doing.

“Okay, what was the rule in third grade math?”

I was rusty and decades removed from Sister Siena and third grade math in Bishop Kelley school. Our discussion had to do with authors we read and why.  A curious person, I learned, was one constantly asking questions, seeking to think things through, make connections and, as it were, do the math about life, people, and reality.  Doug pulled a book out of his desk.  I was quite familiar with the book and the author.  He directed me to the endnotes, or lack of them, in the back of the book.

“The rule was ‘show your work’ or you don’t get credit even if you got the right answer.”

“Ah.  Now I remember.” Images of long division appeared in my mind.

Doug then contrasted the book he pulled from his desk (“he doesn’t show his work”) with the works of a scholar we both read and respected, Walter Brueggemann.  A peek at the endnotes and bibliography of any Brueggemann book show that he is 1) curious, having done voluminous research, 2) an author with integrity, giving attribution and not passing off brilliant insights he gleaned in his reading as his own, and 3) humble, realizing that seeking the solitary advice of his own brain was unwise and fraught with danger, if only in the blind spots.  Cave ab homine unius libri (“beware the man of one book”).

What’s my point?

One, question what you hear.  Nobody gets a pass.  Not you, not your parents, not President Trump, not your boss, not mainstream media of the Left or Right, not the Pope, not your minister.  And not the experts.  Review all and do your homework.  Caveat: You will be a pain in the neck to others when you do this, chiefly to the incurious with an agenda.  Be prepared.

Two, give credit when you’ve acquired something, learned something from someone else.  Plagiarism is not sniffed out in schools and print media only.  We are all composites of the people and influences that have touched our minds and lives.  You’re building on the work of others, even if that’s difficult to admit. (Attribution for this insight goes to a friend, Penn.)

Robert Dick Wilson was a biblical scholar of the late 19th and early 20th century.  He mastered forty-five languages and dialects.  (Resume breathing.  I did say forty-five.)  One thing that stirred one of his interviewers was the habit of Professor Wilson giving proof for every statement he made.

He showed his work.


  • Are you able to describe the processes you follow to come up with answers? (In Information Technology, we call these algorithms.)
  • Are you curious or simply bored? A curious individual is known for many things, chiefly not accepting simple solutions and pat answers.
  • Do you give attribution, credit where credit is due?

Suggested Reading:

Show Your Work! (Austin Kleon)

How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci: Seven Steps to Genius Every Day (Michael Gelb)

The Craft of Research, Fourth Edition (Wayne C. Booth et al)


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A Gift From Down Under: Sons of Korah

This past year, I discovered a hidden treasure from Australia.  Sons of Korah is a project band, the lion’s share of whose work has been putting the Psalms to music.  It is beyond good.

The group is primarily acoustic guitar-based, with strings, piano and percussion added to fill the mix.  Their sound is, at times, quite unconventional and has a distinctly Middle Eastern vibe in certain pieces, taking you, as it were, back to David and his harp.  How he must have sounded. How it must have felt hearing him.

Today, as I listened to this group play through various Psalms, I was again taken into the biblical world of earthy reality contained in the Psalter.  SOK does not simply put the “happy” Psalms to music.  They explore musically the darker realities of places like Psalm 137 and themes of abandonment, pleas for deliverance from enemies and mockers and so forth.

That is relevance.

“Life,” as Walter Brueggemann reminds us in The Message Of The Psalms, “is savagely marked by disequilibrium, incoherence, and unrelieved asymmetry.”  Many Psalms–and these tend to be avoided because of their raw appraisal of life in a sinful world–reflect a profoundly disoriented existence, even for God’s covenant people.  But we need these Psalms just as much as Psalm 23, “The Lord Is My Shepherd.”  Maybe even more.  SOK does us the service of bringing them to life once again with their remarkable gifts.

Listen carefully to these guys.  They get it.

And so will you….

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